Since 2008 he is director of the Giovanni Agnelli Foundation which, under his guidance, has launched a research programme into education. Since 2009 the Foundation has published an annual report on the state of schools in Italy, Rapporti sulla scuola in Italia (published by Laterza), addressing the critical aspects of the Italian school system and suggesting possible initiatives. In 2011 his study on disability in schools was published in conjunction with other institutions. After graduating from the University of Turin he completed his studies at the London School of Economics, before working as a researcher in the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). He was chief economist of FIAT and Telecom Italia and worked at the Economic Research Department of the Bank of Italy. He has conducted research in macroeconomic studies and labour economics, working with leading universities and research institutes in Europe and the United States.